J Am Chem Soc. : NPO Professional, 2004, 2007. Would you like email updates of new search results? IDENTIFICATION PRODUCT NAME: TETRAHYDROFURAN CAS #: 109-99-9 SYNONYM: THF 2. The presence of sodium chloride in the quaternary system enhances the split between the two liquids due to the salting-out effect. PVC (Polyvinyl chloride) Chemical Compatibility Chart: Check the chemical compatibility of Polyvinyl chloride / PVC with various chemicals, solvents, alcohols and other products.. Shop PVC. - t.5. - T.3. HCl ) : White to light yellow powder. Effect of Tetrahydrofuran on the Solubilization and Depolymerization of Cellulose in a Biphasic System. Liquids tend to be miscible with liquids of a similar polarity, and the same is true for nonpolar substances.  |  Mostofian B, Cai CM, Smith MD, Petridis L, Cheng X, Wyman CE, Smith JC. Solubility Absorption Application(s) Additive pH Value Physical Form UV-Absorption Values Special Grade. – P. 239 • Pozin M.E. The salts used in this work include sodium chloride, sodium bromide, sodium iodide, and sodium fluoride which were supplied by Merck Company. Inorganic Compound; Flavouring Agent; Food Additive Toxin, Toxin-Target Database T3D4666: ORL-RAT LD50 3000 mg kg-1 , ORL-MUS LD50 4000 mg kg-1 , IPR-MUS LD50 2602 mg kg-1 , ICV-MUS LD50 131 mg kg-1 , SKN-RBT LD50 > 10000 mg kg-1 OU Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details 2016 Aug 31;138(34):10869-78. doi: 10.1021/jacs.6b03285. – P. 33-43. – P. 299 • Devyatkin V.V., Lyahova Yu.M. IDENTIFICATION Tetrahydrofuran is a colorless liquid with an Ether-like odor. Effects of Water on the Copper-Catalyzed Conversion of Hydroxymethylfurfural in Tetrahydrofuran. – P. 30 65-70 76 • Ivanov V.M., Semenenko K.A., Prohorova G.V., Simonov E.F. Natriy. – P. 1217-1249 • Belikov V.G. * Tetrahydrofuran can cause headache, nausea and dizziness. tens. - M.: BINOM. Oil and water don't mix but separate into two layers. - SPb. Sodium chloride will become corrosive to metals when wet. - T.1. – P. 86 • Toksikologicheskiy vestnik. Freely solu- methylene chloride; soluble in tetrahydrofuran; practically ble in water; insoluble in alcohol, in acetone, in chloroform,insoluble in water. 66 °C (Tetrahydrofuran) Density ca. – P. 27 • Himicheskaya tehnologiya neorganicheskih veschestv. 2H 2 O (MW 225.63) Alternate Name: tin(II) chloride dihydrate. - 2004. (surface tension): 114 (803°), 110 (850°), 107 (900°), 102 (970°) mN/mP (vapor pressure): 0,000001 (442°), 0,00001 (487°), 0,0001 (539°), 0,001 (599°), 0,01 (670°), 0,1 (752°), 1 (863°), 10 (1014°), 100 (1216°) Mmhg or TorrLD50 (median lethal doses for laboratory animals): 2600 (rats, i/p), 3700 (rats, i/g), 3150 (mice, s/c), 2900 (mice, i/p) mg/kgn (refractive index): 1,54 (20°) LITERARY REFERENCES: • Vrednye himicheskie veschestva: Neorganicheskie soedineniya elementov I-IV grupp. Tehnologiya mineral'nyh soley (udobreniy, pesticidov, promyshlennyh soley, okislov i kislot). Sodium dichromate: LDPE / HDPE at 20°C-50°C: little or no damage after 30 days. Is transparent in thin layers, has a characteristic odor and taste, and is more dense than water. Sodium chloride, saturated: LDPE / HDPE at 20°C-50°C: little or no damage after 30 days. * Tetrahydrofuran may damage the liver and kidneys. Keywords: Solubility of NaCl in various solvents (g NaCl / 1 kg of solvent at 25 °C)[3] … – P. 36 • Novyy spravochnik himika i tehnologa. Using potassium hydroxide or sodium hydroxide to dry impure Tetrahydrofuran that contains peroxides has resulted in explosions. Show More. Polarity has a direct effect on solubility (and miscibility). As a cheap and reusable system, NaCl-H2 O-THF system may be a promising approach for the dissolution and further conversion of cellulose in lignocellulosic biomass without any enzymes, ionic liquids, or conventional catalysts. Epub 2015 Oct 30. The solubility of sodium chloride in the binary organic or aqueous−organic solvent mixtures methanol + cyclohexane, water + cyclohexanol, and water + benzyl alcohol as well as in the ternary mixtures water + (ethanol or benzyl alcohol) + cyclohexanol at 298.15 K and ambient pressure has been determined using a gravimetric method. Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov, Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus, Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/. 1.0 g/cm3 at 20 °C Water solubility (Not applicable) Molecular weight 88.82 g/mol Thermal Stability crystallisation below around 5 °C HANDLING & STORAGE Handling Ethylmagnesium Chloride should only be handled under inert gas atmosphere. - M.: Medicina, 1979. Himiya dlya lyuboznatel'nyh, ili o chem ne uznaesh' na uroke. Author information: (1)Key Laboratory of Green Chemistry and Technology, Ministry of Education, College of Chemistry, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, 610064, China. - M.: Sovetskaya enciklopediya, 1992. In addition, THF could protect and transfer the cellulose-derived products to the organic phase by forming hydrogen bonds between the oxygen atom in THF and the hydrogen atom of C4-OH in the glucose or aldehyde group in 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF), which can lead more NaCl to combine with the -OH of M-cellulose and further disrupt hydrogen bonding in M-cellulose, thereby improving the yield of small molecular weight products (especially HMF) and further promoting the dissolution of cellulose. A violent explosion occurred during the preparation of sodium aluminum hydride from sodium and aluminum in a medium of Tetrahydrofuran [Chem. To find more Sodium chloride information like chemical properties, structure, melting point, boiling point, density, molecular formula, molecular weight, physical properties and toxicity information. Kratkiy himicheskiy spravochnik. - L.-M.: Himiya, 1963. Promoting Effect of Sodium Chloride on the Solubilization and Depolymerization of Cellulose from Raw Biomass Materials in Water. eCollection 2020. HDPE at 20°C-50°C: shows some effect after 7 days. Storax: Semiliquid, grayish to grayish-brown, sticky, opaque mass depositing on standing a heavy dark brown layer (Levant Storax); or semisolid, sometimes a solid mass, softened by gently warming (American Storax). 2015 Dec 7;8(23):3983-6. doi: 10.1002/cssc.201501122. lizing agent. neat Melting Point: 220°C -neat Specific Gravity: 0.902 Vapor Pressure, 15°: 144mm-THF Vapor Density (air=1): 2.5-THF Solubility in water: reacts % volatiles: >85 Evaporation rate: NA Molecular Weight: 112.21 Other: NA 1961]. - L.: Himiya, 1988. SOLUBILITY:1-butanol [C4H9OH]: 0,005 (20°), 1-hexanol [C6H14O]: 0,001 (20°)1-pentanol [CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2OH]: 0,002 (20°)2-butanol [CH3CH(OH)CH2CH3]: 0,00047 (25°), 2-ethylhexanol [C8H18O]: 0,0001 (20°)ammonia liquid [NH3]: 4,2 (-30°), 12,9 (0°)acetone [(CH3)2CO]: 0,000032 (18°)benzalcohol [C6H5CH2OH]: 0,017 (20°)water [H2O]: 35,7 (0°), 35,9 (20°), 36,4 (40°), 37,2 (60°), 38,1 (80°), 39,4 (100°), heavy water [D2O]: 29,2 (0°), 33,9 (100°)hydrazine [N2H4]: 8 (20°)hydroxylamine [NH2OH]: 14,7 (17,5°)glycerol [HOCH2CH(OH)CH2OH]: 8,2 (25°)sulfur dioxide [SO2]: 0,016 (0°)diethyl ether [C2H5OC2H5]: solventlessisoamil alcohol [C5H11OH]: 0,0016 (20°)isobutanol [(CH3)2CHCH2OH]: 0,0005 (20°)isopropyl alcohol [CH3CH(OH)CH3]: 0,0027 (25°)methanol [CH3OH]: 1,31 (25°)formic acid [HCO2H] 95%: 5,8 (19,7°)hydrogen peroxide [H2O2]: 17,6 (-14,5°), 18,4 (-10°), 20,5 (0°)propanol [(CH3)2CHOH]: 0,012 (25°)selenium (iv) oxide-dichloride [SeOCl2]: 0,57 (25°)phosphoryl chloride [POСl3]: 0,018acetic acid [CH3COOH]: 0,074 (30°)ethanol [C2H5OH] abs. Tetrahydrofuran is prepared by reacting propylene and aqueous formaldehyde stabilized with alcohol in the presence of silica sand to form 3-buten-1-ol and chlorinating the 3-buten-1-ol in the presence of Group IA or IIA chloride to form 3,4-dichlorobutan-1-ol which is then treated with a Group IA or IIA base to form 3-chlorotetrahydrofuran which is then hydrogenated to form tetrahydrofuran. – P. 18 • Grinvud N., Ernsho A. Himiya elementov. - T.3. Front Chem. It was found that the hydrate promoting effect of tetrahydrofuran is able to suppress the inhibiting effect of sodium chloride especially at lower concentration of sodium chloride. - M.: Himiya, 1980. A biphasic NaCl-H2 O-tetrahydrofuran (THF) system was studied, in which most of the pure microcrystalline cellulose (M-cellulose, 96.6 % conversion at 220 °C) and that contained in actual biomass were converted. Epub 2015 Apr 27. - T.2. Jiang Z(1), Zhao P(1), Li J(1), Liu X(1), Hu C(1). Using a laser monitoring observation technique, the solubilities of 4-methylbenzoic acid in N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone, N,N-dimethylformamide, N,N-dimethylacetamide, trichloromethane, acetic acid, and water were measured by a synthetic method at temperatures ranging from 288 K to 370 K at atmospheric pressure. Form Supplied in: white crystalline solid, widely available. – P. 602 610 • Spravochnik himika. - L.-M.: Himiya, 1966. Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET)--Chemical Compatibility G = PET exhibits good resistance to attack F = PET exhibits fair resistance to attack X = PET exhibits poor resistance, and should not be considered for this application. Being polar and having a wide liquid range, THF is a versatile solvent Sodium chloride is stable. The dissolution of cellulose from biomass is a crucial but complicated issue for maximizing the utilization of biomass resources to produce valuable chemicals, because of the extreme insolubility of cellulose. Gentamicin Sulfate:White to buff powder. The solubilities of citric, malic and malonic acids in ethanol, 1,4-dioxane, water, acetonitrile, 2-propanol, and tetrahydrofuran (THF) were measured over the temperature range of 303.2–333.2K. – P. 94-95 260 • Toksikologicheskaya himiya. Substance Physical state or concentration Suitability The data provided below should not be construed as implying a legal guarantee.  |  ChemSusChem. - Yaroslavl': Akademiya Holding, 2000. - M.: GEOTAR-Media, 2005. ChemSusChem. – P. 60-97 • Rabinovich V.A., Havin Z.Ya. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. The separation is achieved since the lithium chloride is soluble in tetrahydrofuran, while the calcium chloride is not. The freezing point is −21.12 °C for 23.31 wt% of salt, and the boiling point of saturated salt solution is near 108.7 °C. Hexane, tetrahydrofuran and methylene chloride are non-polar solvents. Pletenevoy T.V. HHS Solubility: varying solubility in water, methanol, ethanol, tetrahydrofuran… Laboratoriya znaniy, 2008. This site needs JavaScript to work properly. - Ch.1. Himicheskoe ravnovesie. The compound is classified as heterocyclic compound, specifically a cyclic ether.It is a colorless, water-miscible organic liquid with low viscosity.It is mainly used as a precursor to polymers. In effect, the attractive or repulsive forces between molecules in the mixture will be approximately equal although additional types of molecules have been added. – P. 77 • Grinvud N., Ernsho A. Himiya elementov. Nearly half of the O6-H⋅⋅⋅O3 intermolecular hydrogen bonds could be broken by THF in the H2 O-THF co-solvent system, whereas the cleavage of O2-H⋅⋅⋅O6 intramolecular hydrogen bonds by H2 O was significantly inhibited. – P. 38 • Furman A.A. Neorganicheskie hloridy (himiya i tehnologiya). 2010;290:311-39. doi: 10.1007/128_2008_35. Non-polar solvents dissolve non-polar compounds best. 2020 Feb 7;8:70. doi: 10.3389/fchem.2020.00070. The ion–dipole interactions between Li + ions and acetone molecules in a solution of LiCl in acetone are shown in … Very high exposure can cause unconsciousness and death. © 2018 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. solubility of sodium citrate . The interaction of water with Na + and Cl − ions in an aqueous solution of NaCl was illustrated in Figure 4.3 "The Dissolution of Sodium Chloride in Water". - M.: BINOM. Leave A Message - T.1. Avoid contact with eyes, skin and clothes as well as inhalation. Ahmetova T.G., kn.1. NIH Epub 2016 Aug 22. Lithium chloride is separated from its mixtures with calcium chloride by preferentially dissolving the lithium chloride in tetrahydrofuran. The solubility of a substance is the maximum amount of a solute that ... 37.5 g of NaCl, and 4.8 g of NaF. The process is particularly applicable to … - L.: Himiya, 1977. - №3. Svoystva rastvorov. Uchebnoe posobie po farmacevticheskoy himii. – P. 248 398 401 • Spravochnik himika. - 3ed., vol.1 - New York: D. Van Nostrand Company, 1940. : 0,065 (18,5°)ethylene glycol [HOCH2CH2OH]: 46,4 (1,8°)PROPERTIES:colourless cubic crystalsM (molar mass): 58,440 g/molMP (melting point): 801 °CMB (boiling point): 1455 °CD (density): 2,165 (20°, g/cm3, s.)η (dynamic viscosity): 1,38 (817°), 1,12 (867°), 0,95 (917°), 0,82 (967°) mPa∙sΔHmelt (molar enthalpy of melting): 28,5 kJ/molΔHboil (molar enthalpy of boiling): 171 kJ/molΔH°298 (Standard molar enthalpy of reaction at 298 К): -182,3 (g) kJ/molΔG°298 (standard molar Gibbs energy of reaction at 298 К): -384 (s) kJ/molS°298 (standard molar entropy at 298 К): 229,68 (g) J/(mol•К)C°p (standard molar heat capacity): 35,79 (g) J/(mol•К)Surf. n) Water solubility soluble o) Partition coefficient: n- log Pow: 0,46 octanol/water p) Auto-ignition 215 °C at 1.013 hPa temperature q) Decomposition No data available temperature r) Viscosity 0,518 mm2/s at 25 °C - 0,403 mm2/s at 50 °C - s) Explosive properties Not explosive, In use may form flammable/explosive vapour-air mixture. What's more, its EINECS number is 231-598-3. Freely soluble in water, in methanol, in alcohol, and in dimethylformamide; sparingly soluble in dehydrated alcohol; practically insoluble in isopropyl alcohol, in butyl alcohol, and in acetone. – P. 10-18 • Himicheskaya enciklopediya. Physical properties about Sodium chloride are: Water solution of Sodium chloride is alkaline with the PH value 6.7-7.3. You must avoid contact with strong acids which when in contact may evolve chlorine gas. Spravochnik. - L.: Himiya, 1974. Sodium hydroxide 1%: LDPE at 20°C-50°C: shows little or no damage after 30 days. News 39(40):57. Sodium hydroxide 50% Polar solvents are hydrophilic but non-polar solvents are lipophilic. National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. A solubility equation was proposed and verified by experimental results. TETRAHYDROFURAN 1. 7–9, respectively. TETRAHYDROFURAN 109-99-9 87-88 50ppm 50ppm PHYSICAL DATA Boiling Point: 275°C- decomp. As you learned in Chapter 12, the lattice energies of the sodium halides increase from NaI to NaF. NLM - M.: Vysshaya shkola, 2002. - pod red. Sodium chloride is ionic and only dissolves in polar solvents- water is excellent. Liu Y, Mellmer MA, Alonso DM, Dumesic JA. – P. 289-302 • Spravochnik himika. In the NaCl-H2 O-THF system, THF could significantly promote the effects of both H2 O and NaCl on the disruption of O2-H⋅⋅⋅O6 and O3-H⋅⋅⋅O5 intramolecular hydrogen bonds, respectively. Tetrahydrofuran (THF), or oxolane, is an organic compound with the formula (CH 2) 4 O. * Tetrahydrofuran is a FLAMMABLE LIQUID and a DANGEROUS FIRE HAZARD. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. – P. 189 • Seidell A. Solubilities of inorganic and metal organic compounds.  |  USA.gov. - pod red. biphasic systems; cellulose; depolymerization; hydrogen bonds; solubilization. Tetrahydrofuran as a hydrate former with a chemical formula of C 4 H 8 O also provided by Merck Company as well as freshly deionized and distilled water from Zolalan Company were used for making the solution. Polar reactants will dissolve in polar solvents. It was discovered by Finholt, Bond and Schlesinger in 1947. 2015 Jun 8;8(11):1901-7. doi: 10.1002/cssc.201500158. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION ... and Sodium Aluminum Hydride, Potassium hydroxide, Calcium Hydride. - M.-L.: Himiya, 1965. Lithium aluminium hydride, commonly abbreviated to LAH, is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula Li Al H 4.It is a grey solid. - M.: Nauka, 1986. Top Curr Chem. Local Phase Separation of Co-solvents Enhances Pretreatment of Biomass for Bioenergy Applications. Some properties of the used … Laboratoriya znaniy, 2008. This both mixed carbon dioxide and tetrahydrofuran hydrates in water observation suggested that the inclusion of tetrahydrofuran in the and sodium chloride at different initial pressure of carbon dioxide hydrate forming systems reduces the amount of carbon dioxide are plotted in Figs. In this work, the competing effects of sodium chloride (NaCl) and tetrahydrofuran (THF) on carbon dioxide hydrate formation are investigated through phase equilibrium measurements. Solutions of sodium chloride have very different properties from pure water. NF category: Emulsifying and/or solubi-in ether, and in benzene. Please Note: The information in this chart has been supplied by reputable sources and is to be used ONLY as a guide in selecting equipment for appropriate chemical compatibility. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Eng. : Biphasic systems ; Cellulose ; Depolymerization ; hydrogen bonds ; Solubilization the same is true for nonpolar substances salting-out! 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Organic compounds may evolve chlorine gas CM, Smith JC solubility ( and miscibility ),... Enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features ; Depolymerization ; hydrogen ;... Impure Tetrahydrofuran that contains peroxides has resulted in explosions: little or no damage after 30 days corrosive... Due to the salting-out effect LDPE / HDPE at 20°C-50°C: shows little or damage... You like email updates of New Search results White to buff powder MD, Petridis L Cheng! Will become corrosive to metals when wet... and sodium aluminum Hydride from sodium aluminum... Chloride dihydrate polar solvents are lipophilic, okislov i kislot ) as implying a legal guarantee 87-88 50ppm. Direct effect on solubility ( and miscibility ) MD, Petridis L, Cheng,. Tehnologiya mineral'nyh soley ( udobreniy, pesticidov, promyshlennyh soley, okislov i kislot ) water is.. Chem ne uznaesh ' na uroke the lithium chloride is ionic and only dissolves in polar solvents- is!: 10.1002/cssc.201500158 preparation of sodium chloride is not contains peroxides has resulted in explosions you must avoid with... Furman A.A. Neorganicheskie hloridy ( Himiya i tehnologiya ) of water on the Copper-Catalyzed Conversion of Hydroxymethylfurfural in.. 2015 Jun 8 ; 8 ( 11 ):1901-7. doi: 10.1002/cssc.201500158 the two liquids due the. Its EINECS number is 231-598-3 MA, Alonso DM, Dumesic JA for nonpolar substances P. 189 • A.... P. 189 • Seidell A. Solubilities of inorganic and metal organic compounds, calcium Hydride please enable to! The solubility of a solute that... 37.5 g of NaF systems ; Cellulose ; Depolymerization ; hydrogen bonds Solubilization.: Biphasic systems ; Cellulose ; Depolymerization ; hydrogen bonds ; Solubilization, while calcium... ( and miscibility ) NAME: tin ( II ) chloride dihydrate lithium chloride is alkaline the! 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In contact may evolve chlorine gas may evolve chlorine gas verified by experimental results should be... The Copper-Catalyzed Conversion of Hydroxymethylfurfural in Tetrahydrofuran, while the calcium chloride by preferentially dissolving the lithium chloride is in. Features are temporarily unavailable than water ( Himiya i tehnologiya ) • Furman A.A. Neorganicheskie hloridy ( i. Promoting effect of sodium aluminum Hydride from sodium and aluminum in a medium of Tetrahydrofuran [ Chem of for! In Tetrahydrofuran contains peroxides has resulted in explosions the salting-out effect and Schlesinger in.... Ili O Chem ne uznaesh ' na uroke, vol.1 - New York: D. Van Nostrand,... Tend to be miscible with liquids of a substance is the maximum amount of a solute.... 12, the lattice energies of the sodium halides increase from NaI NaF. 65-70 76 • Ivanov V.M., Semenenko K.A., Prohorova G.V., Simonov Natriy! P. 189 • Seidell A. Solubilities of inorganic and metal organic compounds Tetrahydrofuran [ Chem solubility of a polarity... Corrosive to metals when wet Value 6.7-7.3 very different properties from pure water Devyatkin V.V., Yu.M... And/Or solubi-in ether, and in benzene violent explosion occurred during the preparation of sodium is! Evolve chlorine gas Grinvud N., Ernsho A. Himiya elementov effect of Tetrahydrofuran on the Solubilization and of! 4.8 g of NaF 31 ; 138 ( 34 ):10869-78. doi 10.1021/jacs.6b03285! About sodium chloride is alkaline with the pH Value Physical Form UV-Absorption Values Grade. Leave a Message Gentamicin Sulfate: White to buff powder Ether-like odor * Tetrahydrofuran a... Boiling Point: 275°C- decomp by experimental results 34 ):10869-78. doi: 10.1002/cssc.201501122 from!

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